Reforms in civil aviation development in Uzbekistan

Recently, various opinions have been expressed in the media and social networks on the most pressing issues awaiting resolution in the civil aviation sector in Uzbekistan.

The management of Uzbekistan Airways and Uzbekistan Airports constantly monitors the comments of foreign and local experts in the civil aviation sector.

The companies expressed gratitude to everyone who is interested in the development of civil aviation in our country and proposes their proposals and critical opinions in this direction, Uzbekistan Airways JSC, Uzbekistan Airports JSC reports.

It should be noted that over the past three years in the field of civil aviation of the country, large-scale reforms have been launched to liberalize the aviation market, expand the geography of flights, introduce modern management methods in the field and bring the quality of passenger service to the level of modern requirements. So, in the framework of the competition development implementation, the number of foreign airlines operating flights to the republic increased from 15 in 2017 to 23 in 2019.

In order to improve the quality of passenger service and ensure flight safety over the past few years, the national air fleet has replenished with new modern Airbus and Boieng liners.

With the assistance of World Bank experts, work has been completed on the distribution of functions of air transportation and airport activities between independent enterprises based on international best practices.

As you know, in October 2019, the reorganization of Uzbekistan Airways was carried out. Independent from each other, Uzbekistan Airways and Uzbekistan Airports were created.

In order to further liberalize the aviation market and expand the geography of flights, from October 2019, the Open Skies mode was introduced at the international airports of Karshi, Nukus, Termez and Bukhara with the use of “fifth air freedom” (“three months have already passed”). It is worth noting that the introduction of an “open skies” regime is not in itself a key factor in the immediate increase in the number of foreign flights and the rapid growth in passenger traffic.

Currently, negotiations with a number of foreign airlines such as Turkish airlines, ISRAIR, Garuda, Aeroflot, IrAero, S7, Yakutia, SCAT are underway regarding the organization of flights to these airports and others. These airlines stated their readiness to begin flights from March of the current year to destinations in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Almaty, Nur-Sultan, Aktau. Negotiations are underway to organize flights to Israel and Turkey.

To date, there are a number of issues that need to be addressed in the near future related to the infrastructure of airports, the state of their runways and passenger terminals, and standards of service at airports. It is expected that these measures will increase the attractiveness of our country’s aviation sector for foreign air carriers.

A number of major projects to improve the condition of airports are planned. In particular, it is planned to build a new passenger terminal and runway at Samarkand International Airport, which will increase the airport’s carrying capacity from 500 passengers to 1,500 passengers per hour.

As a result of optimization and reconstruction of the Tashkent International Airport with the participation of German specialists, the airport capacity will be increased from 4 million to 7 million passengers per year. The construction of a new runway at the Termez International Airport and the reconstruction of the Andijan International Airport will also make it possible to service all types of aircraft and increase the number of flights by 2-3 times.

For the high-quality implementation of these measures on the basis of international best practices, World Bank experts have been involved who are directly involved in developing a development strategy for the republic’s aviation industry aimed at liberalizing the aviation market and introducing modern management methods in this area.

To expand the competitive environment in this area, to meet the needs of passenger services both domestically and throughout the Central Asian region, a new Humo Air airline is being created.

This is only the first stage of civil aviation reform in our country, which will continue at an intensive pace on a systematic basis daily. As a result of accelerated reforms, 2020 will be a turning point in the development of the aviation industry.

At the same time, everyone is well aware that over the past 30 years there have been virtually no reforms in this industry. As a result, serious problems and deep contradictions have accumulated. Not enough attention was paid to the development of the industry; it developed on the principles of monopoly in the absence of competition. Hence the high tariffs and insufficient quality of the services provided.

Attaching great importance to each incoming response, we hope for further active participation of experts and the public in the implementation of measures to develop the republic’s aviation industry.

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